The Imperial Cities
The cities of Meknes, Fez, Rabat and Marrakech, are known as the imperial cities. Each
been Morocco’s capital some time in the country’s long history. Rabat is the current capital, the oldest
is Fez, first established as capital in the 9th century under Sultan Idriss II, a great-great grandson of the
Prophet Muhammad. The Almohads took control in the 12th century and built a new city, Rabat, as
their capital. This was replaced, during the rule of Morocco’s notorious sultan, Moulay Ismael, by
Meknes and Rabat again became capital under the French protectorate, which began in 1912.
From the picturesque small town of Azilah in the north to the beautiful Sidi Ifni in the south, from the busy fishing port of Essaouira, to the metropolis Casablanca and trendy Agadir, Morocco’s Atlantic coast is alive with different landscape and culture one can only experience to understand.
One of our excursions features Essaouira, Morocco’s most favored coastal town and only 2.5 hours drive from Marrakech. A busy fishing port, Essaouira is renowned for its laid-back atmosphere and well-established art scene. It is also a worldwide centre for wind and kite surfing. Cooler than Marrakech in the summer, Essaouira
boasts endless wide sandy beaches, vibrant cafes and restaurants and great souks. The old,
white-painted fort and walled medina, together with its colourful harbour and fish market are perfectly
picturesque. It is an ideal place to chill out after trekking in the mountains.
Close to Morocco’s south-eastern border, you will find the beginning of the world’s largest desert – the
legendary Sahara. It is a place that conjures up images of camel caravan camel across miles of
golden sand dunes and gigantic clear skies filled with millions of stars. Visit the Kasbahs of the
world heritage site at Ait Ben Haddou and drive through the Oases of the Draa Valley as you explore
the magnificent desert landscape. With our Berber guides, you will learn about the traditional nomad life in our
camp at Erg Chegaga and climb the dunes to watch the changing colours of the sands at sunrise.
See our Desert Treks.
Although less touristy as the south, northern Morocco has its own charm. The proximity to Spain make north morocco’s architecture and culture more closer aligned with its neighbor. Spanish is widely spoken. Provincial cities such as Tetuoan and picturesque town of Chefchaouen, are delightful places to visit. The Rif mountains is also a relatively easier trekking destinations, compared to the Atlas, for hikers.