The Atlas mountain range stretches approximately 1,600 miles (2,500 kilometers) across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, separating the coastlines of the Mediterranean and Atlantic from the Sahara Desert.
Toubkal, located in Morocco, is the highest mountain in the range, and in North Africa. It is 4,167 m high (13,671 ft). The second and third highest peaks in the Atlas range (after Toubkal) are on the mountain Ouanoukrim in Morocco. The two summits are Timzguida which is 4,089 m (13,415 ft) high and Ras Ouanoukrim which reaches 4083 m (13,396 ft).
The mountain range has several passes that provide routes between the coast and the Sahara Desert.The slopes of the High Atlas and Middle Atlas ranges have thick forests containing many trees including pine, oak, and cedar trees. Mineral deposits found in this mountain range include gold, silver, zinc, lead, and iron.
The Atlas mountains are divided into four regions:
- The first region consists of three ranges, all located in Morocco. They are the Middle Atlas, High Atlas, and Anti-Atlas ranges. The High Atlas range (also called the Grand Atlas) is the highest range in the Atlas Mountains.
- The second region is the Saharan Atlas located in Algeria.
- The third region is the Tell Atlas located in Algeria and Tunisia.
- The fourth region is the Aures Mountains in Algeria and Tunisia. They are at the eastern end of the Atlas mountain range.
The original people who live in the Atlas Mountain range are called ‘Berber’ (latin) or ‘Amazigh’. They have been traced back to at least 3000 B.C.!
The Atlas mountains is a great travel destination for people who enjoy hiking and mountain climbing. It is also a place where tourist can enjoy incredible views. There are also many places where one can enjoy a relaxing vacation.
See our Atlas Treks for Toubkal, Mgoun, Saghro, Ait Bougmaz & Three Valley etc.